Repeatedly! Mostly hand-finished but they're also sealed, primed and UV ink printed too:
We start with a wet finish sand of all unassembled pieces, then we use a spray shellac sealer to cover knots and blemishes. Learn more about Knots & Blemishes here.
Then we carefully apply an outdoor-grade primer to all sides & faces.
Next, depending on the model, we finish all of the edges with the appropriate outdoor-grade trim colour.
Then, the whole unassembled chair is off to the printer to apply the main pattern with, again, outdoor-grade UV-LED inks. This is the most expensive and delicate step in the process, and one we continue to refine.
Once printed, the individual chair pieces are inspected for flaws, and then a second coat of the trim colour is applied, which covers any overspray from the UV printing.
Some chairs then receive an initial topcoat spray prior to assembly, while others receive their first topcoat after assembly. We're tracking how well each cohort performs in real-world, real-weather conditions.
All chairs receive at least one, and often 2 more topcoats to deliver a weather-resistant finish that has the best chance of surviving in a punishing outdoor climate.
But don't expect miracles! Despite all of our treatments, wood is wood and will to some extent, always react to its environment. That means rain, humidity, sun and hot/cold/freeze/thaw weather cycles will, over time, take their toll on wood.